Archives of Health Science and Research

Development of Students' Nepotism Perception Scale


Ebe, Kadıköy Florence Nightingale Hastanesi


Ebe, Amerikan Hastanesi


Arş. Gör., İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ebelik Bölümü


Prof. Dr., İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ebelik Bölümü

Arch Health Sci Res 2019; 6: 357-365
DOI: 10.17681/hsp.517349
Read: 2934 Downloads: 995 Published: 20 September 2019

Purpose: Nepotism has begun to manifest itself in almost every aspect of social life today. On the other hand,
there is a widespread belief among students that some students are granted more privileges and there is no
scientific proof of this. This study was conducted in a methodological way with the aim of developing a scale for
use in research that will determine the level of perceptions that students are favored by some people and the
factors that affect them.

Materials and Methods: From the literature, expert opinion and student opinion were used to construct a 38-item
draft of Nepotism Perception Scale of Students (NPSS). The validity and the reliability of the draft NPSS were
tested with Scope (Content) Score (13 expert opinion), Structure Score (Factor Analysis), Internal Consistency
Analysis methods. As a result of the analyzes, the 38 item " Nepotism Perception Scale of Students" was finalized. The universe of your research; The students from the Faculty of Health Sciences in Istanbul (N=1900) and the sample were 385 (ten times the number of items and plus five spare) determined by layered random sampling method. Data were collected using the Student Information Form and the draft NPSS. Before the data were collected, the students were informed by 220 taking care of the volunteer principle, and the written consent was obtained from the ethics committee and the dean of the faculty where the study was carried out.

Results: Scope (Content) Opinions taken from the purpose and the experts showed that all items of the draft scale are acceptable. As a result of the factor analysis of the draft SCA, there was a one-factor structure with 38 items explaining 64.91% of the total variance. The total poverty Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 38 items was 0.96, the item-total score correlation was 0.34-0.80 and test retest corelation was 0.81.

Conclusion: The developed NPSS validity and reliability is quite high, and it is an adequate measurement tool to
determine students' perception of favoritism.

EISSN 2687-4644