Archives of Health Science and Research
Original Articles

Evaluation of Osteoporosis Risk Factors and Awareness in Female Students Who Receive Health Education

1.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu İslampaşa Mah. RTEÜ Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi yanı. Merkez/Rize

2.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu

Arch Health Sci Res 2016; 3: 31-38
DOI: 10.17681/hsp.78453
Read: 2484 Downloads: 861 Published: 18 December 2019

Aim: This study was planned as descriptive and cross sectional and aimed to evaluate the osteoporosis risk factors, risks and awareness in female students who were receiving health education. Material and Method: The study data was collected from 192 female students. In data collection, the information form in which socio-demographic factors and habits were questioned, the ‘’One minute risk test’’ which was developed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the ‘’Osteoporosis Risk Awareness’’ questionnaire form, which was developed by the researchers, were used. In the analysis of data, frequencies, percentages, arithmetic means, standard deviations, and correlation tests were used. Results: Among the students who participated in the study, 98.4% were single, 6% were smokers, 54.7% did not exercise at all, and 42.2% did not consume milk. It was found that 13% of the students were on regular medication, 40.6% suffered from back pain and waist pain, 50.5% chose to dress in a turban, and 57.3% did not sunbathe. Among the students’ families, 12.5% had a history of osteoporosis and 20.3% had a history of fracture. The risk scores of the students whose families had a history of osteoporosis were found to be higher compared to the students whose families do not have such a history (p<0.001). There was a significant and inverse relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and osteoporosis risk score (p<0.005). It was determined that the osteoporosis risks of %97.4 of the students were low and that their risk awareness was at a medium level according to their osteoporosis risk awareness scores (12.84±3.16). A significant relation between osteoporosis risk score and awareness score could not be found (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study emphasized that screening for osteoporosis risk factors, measuring risks, raising awareness and making behavioral changes via preventive lifestyle arrangements is necessary in students who are in the low risk group during youth.

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